Saturday, 21 February 2015

Dental Camp at RBGS Medavakkam

Recently we conducted a dental camp at Ravindra Bharathi Global School Medavakkam.  We had an opportunity to screen 400 students at a time. This gave an insight for me to write this post. Frequent questions asked by parents, 'This is just  a milk teeth  anyhow they are going to fall. Is it mandatory to treat them?'

The milk teeth starts erupting at the age of around 6 months and gets completed by the age of 2 years and it stays in its place till the entire set of permanent teeth comes out.  The cavities already present in the milk teeth when left untreated  have the maximum chances of affecting the permanent set of dentition because both milk teeth and permanent teeth are in the same oral cavity, also cavities are nothing but a store house for germs and bacteria.

Hence frequent check up with  dentist encourages preventive therapy  which can avoid any drill and fill approach. The cavities already present can be treated before affecting the permanent or adult teeth which starts erupting at the age of 6 yrs.

Why is Dental health important ?
There is a saying which i heard it from a kid from the camp which her mother used to say
"When your mouth is clean and healthy, Half your body is healthy"
Yes it is absolutely correct as your mouth is the gateway for your body, clean and healthy teeth and gums can keep your body the same way.

What is Preventive Therapy? Is it a genuine treatment or an aesthetic approach, was another question which i encountered very frequently after the students camp from the parents side.

I appreciate this question because as adults only 10% of the population is going for a regular dental check up once a year as a preventive measure. In India, still dental visit is considered only as a last resort. But in most advance countries people go for bi-yearly regular visit to their dentist to check up the teeth and do any preventive treatment.

What are the Preventive measures available for a healthy mouth for Kids?
Even without any treatment, simple brushing twice a day would keep their teeth germs away. Educating the kids to rinse their mouth with water after eating chocolates or any diary or sweet products.
In following blogs we will see few preventive treatment techniques available for kids.

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Saturday, 7 February 2015

Bleeding Gums

Do you have bleeding gums???

Do not worry…you will know why it takes place and what can be done.

There are various reasons for  bleeding gums

Bleeding due to Oral hygiene:
One hour after brushing we will be able to find a thin layer of pasty substance deposited onto our teeth. This is called plaque. This plaque when left without brushing for 24 hours will become hard and stick on to the teeth like a chalk piece and is difficult to remove it with only brushing.  Dental cleaning has to be done for removing this calculus. This deposit from soft to hard will have numerous number of pathogenic bacteria which are harmful to the gums and bone. These bacteria when left without dental cleaning will infect the gums which becomes swollen and cause bleeding.
This bleeding will become stagnant in a long term and cause bad breath/ malodor issues.

Bleeding due to  pregnancy:
During pregnancy hormones are over active in our body and these hormones will cause gum swelling which leads to more plaque deposits onto the tooth which indirectly cause bleeding gums. Thin knife edged gums are healthy and easy to clean. Swollen gums become more plaque retentive and cause bleeding gums.

Drugs and bleeding gums:
Various drugs increase the bleeding tendency of the gums. Most common are certain drugs used for  Blood pressure (BP),
Special kids given drugs for mental development face bleeding gums due to overgrown gums.
Drugs used for epilepsy can cause gum overgrowth and bleeding while brushing is common in gum over growth cases.

Long term poor maintenance or adequate care when these symptoms are seen  will lead to loosing the teeth sooner or later.

Based on the severity and status of the gums there are various options to treat this condition. Dental cleaning, LANAP (Laser assisted new attachment procedure) also called  Laser  gum treatment.