Tuesday, 24 November 2015

                                       BAD BREATH

              Bad breath can be a result of your poor oral hygiene or it may be an indication of your other heath problems.Most bad breath starts in your mouth.Bad breath or Halitosis can be embarrassing but it is quite a common problem and has possible number of causes which can easily be prevented or treated.The possible causes for bad breath are

  •    Poor oral hygiene-food particles stuck is a attraction site for bacterial growth resulting in decay and gum disease.Uneven surface of tongue harbors bacteria
  •   Eating food with strong odor-garlic and onions.As you digest these food they enter the blood stream and to lungs.The odor will not completely go until the food is eliminated from the body
  •   Strong smelling drinks such as coffee and alcohol can cause bad breath.
  •   Smoking or chewing tobacco related products
  •   Mouth infections like impacted teeth
  •   Nose,throat infections 
  •   Acid reflex 
  •   Ill-fitting denture
  •   Dry mouth- resulting from decreased flow of saliva.Saliva cleanses the mouth and removes particles that may cause odor.
  • Halitophobia- Psychological fear of bad breath even in the absence of it.                                                                                                                                                                                                     

Check your bad breath:
            Having bad breath is bad enough but not knowing that you do is even worse.Testing yourself is difficult because the location your opening to nose from mouth and also the nose receptor cells get used to the smell.One can't literally smell their own breath.When people used to rub their noses and step back while you are talking,you got your clue.But there are many other ways of finding it out which is as follows

  • Ask someone:First way is an obvious one.Just ask someone else what they think .You can choose a significant other to get this job done.Or a Dentist in your next appointment.

  • Wrist test:Some people check for bad breath by cupping their hands to the nose.But it's just the smell of your hands.Inside of your wrist is not constantly handling things and so Lick the inside of your wrist and let it dry for few seconds.This gives the true reading of your breath.
              Wrist test

  • Bad taste:Another way is if you have bad taste..you sure have bad breath too.

  • Cotton test:Use the cotton gauze and wipe the back of your tongue and sniff it.If it smells bad ,your breath does.if the saliva gunk in the cotton gauze is of yellowish shade ,it implies than you have breath problems.

  • Floss test:Use Dental floss between the teeth where usually food gets stuck and the smells of the floss is the smell of your breath.

  • Spoon test:Use a spoon to scrape out the back of your tongue.Inspect the saliva gunk ,the darker the color the thicker is the saliva and so does the intensity of smell.

Fight bad breath:
        The bad smell from your mouth is due to volatile sulfur compounds , the product of bacteria over food.Visit a dentist.Most of our effort lie in fighting against the bacterial build up.We inspect for the cause in the mouth like deposits,gum problems,decay,impacted teeth , dry mouth and so on and treat it.If the smell is not due to mouth you are generally referred to physician to check for other problems like respiratory infections ,diabetes,gastric ulcers and so on. 
  • Brush twice daily
  • Floss everyday
  • Clean your tongue which is the main source of bad smell.It is the most important of all.
  • Quit smoking and tobacco related products
  • Drink a lot of water.keep your mouth hydrated
  • Remove your dentures at night and Clean your dentures every morning 
  • Use natural mouth fresheners like mint,anise seeds or fennel and parsley.
  • Be aware of odorous food.Avoid drinking coffee and alcohol
  • Get regular dental check-ups
Tongue cleaning-using back of your brush which has serrations

Regular practice of all the above can make you free from bad breath.

For assistance,contact Gums and teeth laser dental clinic,mambakkam road,medavakkam,ch-100
Call us @ 9962497766
Mail care@gumsandteeth.in

Saturday, 14 November 2015


         As a parent you might be wondering how to keep you child away from oral problems.Babies are born with teeth hidden inside the gums.Teeth shows up their head out of the gums from 6 months on-wards.Teeth that comes out are healthy only when the gums are healthy.Thus, it is important to maintain good oral hygiene practice even before tooth comes out.At the age of 3, Kids have all their baby teeth erupted.Its starts falling out from the age of 6.Most permanent teeth come out by the age of 12-13.Gaps between baby teeth are normal as they make room for permanent teeth.Make your child Tooth-tastic by the following ways....!

0-2 years:
      Age for bottle feeding.Leaving the baby sleep at nights with the bottle will lead to a serious problem of decay in all the baby teeth.This is called Nursing bottle decay. so,
#Avoid bottle feeding. Even if, wipe the gum pad and teeth with clean damp cloth after feeding.
#Brush with soft bristles twice daily
#visit your family dentist at this stage to screen.
Effect of feeding bottle
3-5 years:
    Age of all baby teeth.
#Make brushing enthusiastic.Using pea-sized amount of Fluoride tooth paste ,brush twice day.Early morning and right before bed.Make sure they don't swallow the paste.
#Make them stop the thumb-sucking and use of pacifiers.
#Report a dentist if you note anything black or make your visit regular every 6 months once.                                

no pacifiers

6-9 years:
  Age of  falling out.
#Kids have their baby teeth falling out.Reassure your kids that falling out of baby teeth is normal and that's the way  strong Adult teeth put their thumbs up !
#Have a good check of deposits on teeth and decay in the back tooth.

10-12 years:
  Age of final transition
#From about 7-12,your child's front tooth may appear big with big gaps.But,that's all okay ! It is a part of normal called Ugly duckling stage.
ugly duckling stage-gap between front tooth

13 and above:
 Age of Adult teeth.The teenage people have utmost care to look handsome and beautiful !!And Yeah!That's when all the adult teeth have come out in their destined position.
#Have attention to the child's tooth alignment.
#Remind them fresh breath and healthy smile is part of the personality.
#Regular visit to dentist is recommended every 6 months once
Role of dentist in Teen

In a nut-shell:
  • Avoid bottle feeding 
  • Brush Twice a day
  • Teach flossing
  • Fluoride tooth paste at 3-12 years
  • Teach good habits.No thumb sucking,pencil biting,pushing force on tooth by tongue,Lip biting,chalk eating
  • Stop pacifiers at 3
  • Less use of candies and sticky food.
  • Motivate kids on healthy smile
  • Don't neglect your child's complaint.
  • Regular dental check-up from first b'day continues 6 months once. 

Your health habits in baby boom years will have dramatic effect in their future.

Bottom-line:A stitch in time saves nine !

Contact Gums and teeth laser dental clinic,mambakkam road,medavakkam,ch-100
phone no. 9962497766
email: care@gumsandteeth.in

Thursday, 12 November 2015


                  Have your dentist informed you might need a root canal treatment?And are you going to have your first root canal treatment and you are quite nervous about that?Here,learn how root canal treatment is been done step by step.
                   Underneath the white enamel and hardest layer dentin of your teeth lies the PULP-The soft tissue that keeps the tooth alive having blood vessels and nerves.Once the decay or fracture approximates or touches the pulp portion ,usually the alarm rings-THE PAINNNNN !!!A tooth can be divided into crown- that portion of the tooth you can see above the gums and root - that portion of teeth that is beneath the gums and you cannot see.The pulp starts from middle of the crown and it stretches inside the canal running till the full length of the root. Once the decay/crack/fracture touches from the crown portion or elsewhere close to the canal... the entire pulp inside the canal get infected leading to its death.Thus root canal treatment(RCT) serves in removing the infected pulp,disinfecting the canal in the root where the pulp was in ,finally filling and sealing it.


  • Pain
  • Prolonged sensitivity
  • Discolored tooth
  • Swelling 
  • A cracked tooth
  • Fractured tooth                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
    A deep cavity


  • Step 1:Opening for access to root- Pre-op x-ray will be taken.A shot of local anesthesia will to given to make the tooth numb.An opening will made in the crown of the tooth to gain access to the infected pulp.                                                                                                                                 
    Opening for access
  • Step 2:Removing infected pulp- Specially designed small sized instruments are used to remove the infected pulp and to clean the canal.No pain will be there during this as the tooth is numb.Once the dead or dying pulp tissue containing nerves is removed, the tooth becomes pain free.The canal is shaped to receive filling.The canal are then and there irrigated with saline and disinfectant solutions.                                                                                                                       
    Removing the infected pulp,cleaning and shaping the canals
  • Step 3:Filling the canal- Temporary filling may be placed for observation.Once complete cleaning and shaping done fillers (gutta-percha usually) are compressed into the canal and sealed off with heat.Sealing is done to ensure the canal area becomes free from contamination and infection.                                                                                                                                    
    Filling the canal
  • Step 4:Rebuilding the tooth-Temporary or permanent filling will be placed in the opening for access.Tooth will be rebuild to its actual shape.In case severe damage by decay or fracture the dentist may place a post extending from canal around which the tooth structure will be built.The entire procedure can be completed of in single sitting in about an hour.                            
    Rebuilding the tooth
  • Step 5:Cap placement- The root canal treatment is completed with the tooth structure rebuilt.But a cap over the treated tooth is a MUST to completely seal off and for strength ,restoring normal tooth function such as effective chewing.The tooth is prepared for cap in the day of first sitting and cap can be cemented in 2-3 days.Antibiotics will be given.                                                                                                                                                                                               
    After cap placement

Bottom-line:Knowing what will happen ahead of the time is more than half the battle.

Contact us @ GUMS AND TEETH DENTAL CLINIC,mambakkam road,medavakkam.ch-100
Phone no.9962497766
mail - care@gumsandteeth.in

Wednesday, 4 November 2015


                  The common problem everybody surfing right now in the internet is pain in the back of mouth with difficulty in mouth opening.Probably ,it is Impacted wisdom tooth- a common,usually painful problem people at 3rd decade of life are facing.Understanding the sings of impacted wisdom tooth can help you seek the dentist at right time.

                  Wisdom tooth is  the last one to emerge out of gums in back of your mouth both in upper and lower arch.Their development begin at any time of teen age they fully emerge between the age of 17 -25 years of age.

                     Wisdom tooth that don't erupt completely at early 20's are called impacted.As they are the last teeth to erupt ,the jaw don't usually have enough room to accommodate them.They get trapped inside the jaw or gums.They can be fully or partially impacted.Patients with completely impacted teeth will experience discomfort and other teeth can be knocked out of alignment as impacted teeth exhibit force against the gums by pushing to come out.Partially impacted teeth can also cause enough damage to the neighboring teeth by harboring food particles leading to infection and decay.It is believed that this generation is facing more of this impaction trouble as there is decrease in jaw size due to soft diet(evolution).Impacted teeth can be identified in regular dental check-ups too.

Impacted wisdom tooth in x-ray

                 swelling in the region             
                 bleeding from gums in that area      
                 swelling around the jaw              
                 difficulty in mouth opening     
                 ear pain              
                 head ache                
                 swollen lymph nodes           
                 painful ulcers              
                 bad taste               
                 bad breath

              There are varying degrees of impacted teeth. Some partially impacted showing crowns to some fail to penetrate gums-fully impacted.Potential complications include,
  • Crowding of teeth due to pressure on adjacent teeth
  • Gum disease and decay due to difficult access to cleaning make them prone to food lodgement and infection.
  • Development of cysts:Wisdom teeth grow in a sac within the jaw and sometimes when the sacs get filled with fluid cyst develop leading to serious complication of damage to jaw bones and nerves in it.

                                            Surgical removal of that tooth under local anesthesia,sometimes general anesthesia.The oral surgeon opens the gums and removes the teeth and sutures will be placed.Sutures will be removed at 5th-7th day.

Don't make things complicated than they need to be !!
If you are experiencing these symptoms ,seek treatment promptly by contacting
Mambakkam road,