Wednesday, 23 March 2016

                             TOOTH DISCOLORATION

There are two factors causing tooth discoloration

  1. Extrinsic factor
  2. Intrinsic factor
EXTRINSIC FACTORS: 

1.BROWN AND BLACK STAINS:


                                                                                                                               CAUSES:
  • Habitual smoking
  • Drinking dark coloured beverages like tea or coffee 
 TREATMENT
  • Scaling
  • Dental pumice to remove the stains and then prophylactic paste to smoothen the tooth surface
          PREVENTION
  • Avoid smoking
  • Avoid drinking dark colored beverages to minimize food colours being absorbed



2.GREEN OR ORANGE STAINS 

CAUSES
  • Tooth has not been cleaned thoroughly,accumulating dental plaque containing bacteria and fungi that can produce color and formed green and orange stains 
TREATMENT
  • Scaling
PREVENTION
  • Brush twice daily both morning and night
  • Use dental floss


INTRINSIC STAINS :
1.GREYISH BLUE TO BROWNISH YELLOW STAINS:



CAUSES:

  • If antibiotic like tetracyclin is taken during development of teeth
TREATMENT:

  • Bleaching
  • laminate veneer

GREYISH BLACK STAINS:

    CAUSE 1:

Tooth decay

TREATMENT

  • The dentist removes the tooth decay and put on a filling.






CAUSE 2:

Pulp necrosis 
  • Trauma
  • Tooth decay
TREATMENT:
  • Endodontic treatment like root canal treatment, sometimes with or without periapical surgery.
  • If teeth still appears discoloured ,dentist treat the discoloured tooth with veneering or crown




BROWNISH YELLOW OR WHITE PATCH:

1. EARLY TOOTH DECAY
TREATMENT:

  • Dentist can apply topical fluoride on to the surface of the tooth,early tooth decay can be remineralised









2. DISTURBANCE DURING TOOTH DEVELOPMENT


CAUSE:
If the milk tooth is so much decayed then the pulp gets exposed ,the bacteria moves beyond the apex of milk tooth and affect the permanent tooth bud.

TREATMENT:
Filling 
Laminate veneers
Crown







3. FLUOROSIS STAINS

CAUSE
  • Intake of excessive fluoride concentrated water

TREATMENT
  • Bleaching
  • Veneering
  • Crown





For more details visit us at www.gumsandteeth.in
427/200B Gums and teeth laser dental clinic
Mambakkam main road
Medavakkam
Chennai 600100

Ph 9962497766