DIABETES AND GUM DISEASE
Diabetes can affect your whole body ,including your mouth.hence you have to take special care of your teeth and gums
IS THERE AN ASSOCIATION BETWEEN GUM DISEASE AND DIABETES?
Yes,research shows there an association between gum disease and diabetes.
DOES DIABETES INDUCE GUM DISEASE ( OR ) GUM DISEASE INDUCE DIABETES??
Research suggest there is relationship between gum disease and diabetes in both the ways,
Not only people with diabetes more susceptible to gum disease,but serious gum disease may have the potential to affect blood glucose control and contribute to progression of diabetes.
DOES RESEARCH SUGGEST THAT PEOPLE WITH DIABETES ARE AT HIGHER RISK FOR ORAL HEALTH PROBLEM?
- YES, research suggest that people with poorly controlled diabetes are at higher risk of oral health problem than non diabetes, high blood glucose level in mouth fluids help germs to grow and cause gum disease
- CASE REPORT
Patient came to our dental clinic with chief complaint of pain and swollen gums in the left upper back tooth region.On oral examination intra oral swelling evident with pus discharge,mobile teeth.History of uncontrolled diabetes
Fasting-200mg/dl(noramal value :80/120 mg/dl)
Postprandial- 300 mg/dl (normal value : 140/180 mg/dl)
Patient was advised to control blood sugar level
|Excess pus discharge will be felt by the patient as a salty taste in the mouth, this gum disease will lead to mobility of the tooth and eventually loss of teeth|
DOES GUM DISEASE ,MAKE DIABETES HARDER TO CONTROL?
- YES,Like all infection, serious gum disease may be a factor in causing blood sugar to rise and may make diabetes harder to control,such as
- Gingivitis (an early stage of gum disease) and
- Periodontitis ( serious gum disease )Because they are generally more susceptible to bacterial infection,and have a decreased ability to fight bacteria that invades gums.
WHO ARE AT HIGHER RISK OF GUM DISEASE?
- Uncontolled diabetes
- For smokers with diabetes ,the risk is even greater
Other oral problem associated to diabetes include
- Thrush,an infection caused by fungus that grows in the mouth
- Dry mouth which ca cause
HOW CAN I HELP PREVENT DENTAL PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH DIABETES?
- Control blood glucose level
- Maintain oral hygiene,with regular dental checkup every 6 months.
- Avoid smoking
- If you are a denture wearer,clean denture daily
Patient diagnosed with inflammed gums and who is also diabetic needs to undergo Gum treatment for resolving the issue from the dental point of view, apart from keeping the diabetic level under check.
Treatment options include
1. Professional cleaning of teeth (Scaling)
2. Surgical cleaning of gums (flap surgery)
3. LANAP (Laser gum treatment)
|Diabetic patient with gum swelling before treatment|
|1 week after Laser Gum treatment (full mouth)|
|Observe the healthy gums by comparing the previous colour and size of the gums|
Visit us at www.gumsandteeth.in
427/200B Gums and teeth Laser dental clinic
Medavakkam, Chennai 600100